Carnegie Mellon Univ. 2016年秋入学要綱には両テストについて以下のように記されています。
Official GMAT Score (preferred) or GRE (accepted)
Test perception: Admissions experts are divided about the message an applicant sends when submitting GRE scores instead of GMAT results, or vice versa.
“If you submit a GMAT score you’re not going to be given preference,” says Jacobs. “They’re perceived equally.” This is also the policy at the Jindal school, Fowler says.
An applicant may not win points for submitting a GMAT score, but some schools may give the impression that this score is preferred. Schools often publish the average test scores for recent MBA students, but Murphy has noticed a difference in which test score averages are listed.
“Generally I see more of the GMAT score ranges published,” says Murphy, who worked in the admissions office for Kellogg while he was an MBA student and before the school began accepting GRE scores. If he were working in admissions now and saw someone submit a GRE score instead of the GMAT, it would make him wonder about the applicant.
“I would immediately question how focused are they on what they want to do, post graduate school,” he says.
Taking the GMAT confirms that a candidate is focused on getting an MBA, says JoAnne Goldberg, who works as a consultant for InGenius Prep. The company helps prospective graduate school candidates get accepted. “The GMAT is the test that shows that they’re serious about going to business school,” she says.
The GMAT is also an exam that business schools are more familiar with, experts say, making it easier for them to use the exam to gauge a candidate’s academic abilities. It’s also difficult to fairly compare a GMAT score – the more widely taken exam – with a GRE score, between applicants, Goldberg says.
Some believe – even though there’s no definitive proof – that the GRE is generally an easier exam, says Goldberg, who is a former assistant director of admissions at the Stanford University business school and an MBA graduate of the school.
Quantitative skills: Both exams test graduate school applicants on how well they do with numbers, as well as their academic strength in other areas such as verbal reasoning. But the GRE may offer a leg up for prospective students who aren’t fans of math.
“The GMAT mathematics section is just more difficult,” says Jacobs. “If someone has a weakness in the quantitative section, then I recommend the GRE.”
She strongly encourages applicants to take the GMAT. But business schools usually require prospective students to also submit letters of recommendation, essays, transcripts and other materials. Goldberg wants applicants to remember that no single test score will solely determine who is admitted to business school.
“It’s one factor,” she says. “Not the main factor.”