カテゴリー別アーカイブ: LL.M.出願戦略

【2021年入学用出願締め切り日】Duke University, LL.M. Program

Duke University, LL.M. Programの出願締め切り日が発表されました。

Applicants to Duke Law’s LLM program may begin submitting applications for the 2021-2022 academic year on September 1, 2020. The application deadline for the LLM program is January 20, 2021.
https://law.duke.edu/internat/llm/appinformation/

Our preferred method for submitting application materials for the LLM or SJD program is electronically via LSAC (Law School Admission Council). Please visit the LSAC website for account access or to create a new account. Complete application instructions are available on the electronic application for the Duke Law LLM program.

You may also submit your application materials in hard copy form directly to the International Admissions office (address below). Please note that you must omit the box number from our mailing address if you plan to send application materials via courier (DHL, FedEx, etc.).  Please note that we do not accept application materials subimitted electronically via e-mail.

Resume

Please submit a resume with your application. If you apply via LSAC, use the electronic attachment.

Personal Statement

You are required to submit a 2-5 page personal statement. If you apply via LSAC, use the electronic attachment. The personal statement should include your professional and educational experience, special areas of interest, previous overseas experience, and any other information that supports your application. Please let us know if there is a special reason for applying to Duke Law School such as family members who are alumni or who are living in North Carolina, or a spouse or significant other with admission to a nearby school or who is also applying to the LLM program.

Recommendation Letters

A minimum of two letters of recommendation should be submitted on behalf of the LLM applicant. Such letters should not be from relatives or close family friends. The letters should explain the relationship of the writer to the applicant. At least one letter should be from a faculty member well acquainted with the applicant’s academic ability.

If applying electronically, LSAC offers an LOR service for letters of recommendations.  Please follow the instructions on the LSAC site.

If application materials are being submitted in hard copy format directly to the International Studies office, recommendation letter forms must be included and are available for download at our site. Your signature on the recommendation form indicates you have waived your right to the material contained in the recommendation letter and should be included with all letters submitted on your behalf.  Referees may also submit recommendation letters directly to the International Studies office. We prefer recommendation letters in hard copy format but will accept electronic letters if a referee is unable to submit the letters prior to the application deadline.

■ 同校への出願に際しては、i) LSAC, ii) Duke LL.M.のオリジナル出願フォームのいずれかを選択することが可能です。アプリカントの方にとって対応しやすい方法をご選択ください(LSACのシステムを通じた出願書類の提出が義務付けられてはおりません)。

Academic Transcripts

Transcripts for all previously attended academic institutions must be submitted. Applicants can either utilize the Credential Assembly Service (CAS) with LSAC or have them sent to the International Admissions office directly from the academic institution. Purchase of the Transcript Authentication and Evaluation Service offered by LSAC is optional. Transcripts may also be submitted directly by the applicant with their application materials. Please note that if you are not utilizing the Credential Assembly Service all transcripts must include an English translation, containing the seal or signature of a professional translator, and an explanation of the grading system.

■先述のRecommendation Formの箇所でも記しましたが、同校への出願には LSAC経由もしくはDuke University, Law Schoolへ出願書類を提出することが可能です。

TOEFL Score Report

Register for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) at least two months before the examination is given. Because it may take more than one month for score results to reach Duke, it is advisable to take the test as soon as possible. TOEFL scores must be less than two years old to be considered valid. Candidates who are native English speakers or who have received degrees of at least three years in length from a university where English was the medium of instruction and where English is an official language of the country, may be exempt from this requirement. All other applicants must submit test scores in order to complete the admissions process. Duke’s TOEFL institution code is 5156 and its department code is 03. TOEFL score results for students utilizing the LSAC Credential Assembly Service will automatically be included in the report. Students admitted to graduate study normally have scores of at least 100 on the Internet-based test (iBT).

■IELTSスコアの提出は認められておりませんのでご注意ください。

Application Review

Admission to Duke’s graduate law programs is highly competitive and depends to a great extent on the demonstration of outstanding performance in previous law studies. Also of special significance are the applicant’s professional experience, areas of special interest and expertise, professional and personal goals, strong letters of recommendation, and English proficiency. The Law School benefits from a student body that represents a broad range of experiences and interests. It is often helpful to indicate reasons for interest in an LLM degree in general and Duke Law School in particular, especially as they relate to an applicant’s specific experience. The application review process generally begins in December, and decisions are made throughout the following months.

【2021年入学用出願締め切り日】New York University, LL.M. Program

New York University, LL.M. Application Deadlineが発表されました。
https://www.law.nyu.edu/graduateadmissions/whentoapply

  • Fall 2021 Entry: December 21, 2020

Prospective students who received their legal education outside of the United States must apply by the above deadlines. The application for Fall 2021 entry will become available by August 2020.

In order to be considered for admission, the Committee requires that applicants who take the TOEFL iBT achieve a minimum total score of at least 100, a minimum score of 26 on the reading and listening subsections, and a minimum score of 22 on the writing and speaking subsections. For applicants who take the IELTS, the Committee requires a minimum overall band score of at least a 7, a minimum score of 7.5 on the reading and listening subsections, and a minimum score of 7 on the writing and speaking subsections. For both exams, JSD applicants must present scores substantially higher than the minimum.

★今シーズンより、入学審査でIELTS Scoreを用いられることになりました。TOEFLスコアが90点半ばで伸び悩んでいる受験生の方々は、一度これまでのテスト対策プロセスと現状スコアを精査し、必要に応じてIELTS受験を検討されてはいかがでしょうか。

Applicants should request that the Educational Testing Service issue an official score report of their results from the TOEFL iBT directly to LSAC (institution code: 8395). For IELTS, applicants must contact the test center directly and request that their test scores be sent to LSAC electronically (an institution code is not required).

Under no circumstances may an applicant submit a score report directly to LSAC or to NYU Law; only official reports issued by the testing agencies are acceptable. Photocopies or examinee copies are not permitted, and will not expedite the review of an application.

〇 Personal Statement / Resume

All applicants must electronically attach to the online application a brief personal statement of no more than 500 words. Applicants may describe their professional interests and goals, or they may use the statement to describe aspects of themselves and/or their work that are not apparent from their other application materials. Applicants should include their reasons and qualifications for applying to a particular program or specialization.

★字数は1wordでも超過してはいけませんので、コンテンツは500 wordsで纏めます。多くの伝えたいことを限られた字数でまとめるライティング力も審査の対象となります。

All applicants must also electronically attach a résumé or curriculum vitae to their application. This document may be one to two pages in length, and should account for all education and work experience, as well as any period of more than three months not spent in school or employed. Publications, presentations, or other career-related information may also be included.

Given the large number of applications that we receive each year, the Committee on Graduate Admissions is unable to read or consider writing samples, articles, or research papers that are not required by the program. Instead, publications, academic presentations and the like may be noted on an applicant’s résumé or curriculum vitae for consideration by the Committee. 

★原則としてResumeはEDUCATION, PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE, ADDITIONAL INFORMATIONの3項目に分類して構成いたします。その一方で出版や講義実績を豊富にお持ちの場合、別途項目を追加することで自らの資質や能力を多角的にアピールいたします

Any additional information an applicant would like to share with the Committee on Graduate Admissions that is not already present in the other application materials may be electronically attached as an addendum to the online application.

★上述の”the online application”はLSACの画面からNew York Universityの辿り着くことができるため、まだ対応されていない方はLSACのアカウントを取得してください。

 

【2021 LL.M. Application Deadline】Harvard Law School

Harvard Law Schoolが2021年入学用の出願情報を発表しました。https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/graduate-program/llm-application-deadlines-and-materials/

The application for the LL.M. class beginning in August 2021 will open in September 2020. The application deadline for the LL.M. class beginning in August 2021 is December 1, 2020, at 11:59 p.m., U.S. Eastern time.

In addition to submitting the online LL.M. application by the deadline, applicants must make sure that any other required documents (e.g., transcripts, TOEFL results) are sent out in time for delivery to our office on or before the deadline. Please note that the application deadline will be strictly observed. It is your responsibility to make certain that all required materials reach the Graduate Program office by the deadline.

Application Materials

  • Online application form
  • CV/Résumé
  • Personal statement, parts (A) and (B)
  • Transcript(s) (including diplomas for all degrees that have been received)
  • Recommendations (at least two)
  • Official TOEFL report (if applicable; please note that we do not accept MyBest™ TOEFL score reports)*
  • Financial Aid application (if applicable)
  • Application fee of US$85**

注):MyBestスコアの取り扱いは各ロースクールによって異なります。出願要綱に関するサイトで確認できない場合は、Admissions Officeにお問い合わせください。

The LL.M. Class of 2019-20のProfileは以下のリンクよりご確認いただけます。
https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/graduate-program/llm-profiles/

  • 182 students, 98% of them are international
  • 82% have 2 or more years of practice or teaching/advanced studies experience
  • 20% hold advanced degrees
  • 61 countries / jurisdictions represented from Argentina to Zimbabwe
  • 22 Fulbright Scholars
  • 16 Supreme or Constitutional Court clerks
  • 18 full or part-time law teachers
  • 8 judges and 7 current or former prosecutors

English Proficiency Examination

  1. For the internet-based test (iBT), we require a total score of at least 100, with at least 25 in each of the four subsections.
  2. We do not accept IELTS scores in place of TOEFL scores.
  3. We do not accept MyBest™ TOEFL score reports.

https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/graduate-program/llm-admissions-faq/#faq-3-3

MyBestスコアに加え、IELTS Scoreを受け付けるLL.M.プログラムはMinimum Scoreが関連サイトに掲載されますのでその都度ご確認ください。

Personal Statement
The Personal Statement is an essential component of your application. It provides an opportunity for you to present your ideas and demonstrate your writing ability to the Committee on Graduate Studies. Please limit your statement to no more than 1,500 words —anything exceeding this limit will be disregarded. Please note that footnotes do not count towards the overall word limit as long as they are limited to providing sources and citations

https://hls.harvard.edu/content/uploads/2019/11/UPDATED-Sample-LLM-Application-2020.pdf

Your Personal Statement should address both of the following questions specifically, with Part (A) constituting at least half of the total length:

(A) Briefly describe either an important issue in your field of interest or a current legal problem facing a particular country, region, or the world, and then propose a theoretical framework or a legal analysis or strategy to address this issue.

(B) Please tell us something about yourself — in particular, why you wish to pursue an LL.M. degree at Harvard and how doing so connects with what you have done in the past and what you plan to do in the future.Please follow the instructions on the Personal Statement page of the online application to upload your Personal Statement. Note that your Personal Statement must be uploaded and submitted with the rest of your application. We will not accept any Personal Statement sent to us separately from the online application.

【2020年入学用 LL.M.出願締め切り日】University of Cambridge

University of Cambridge, LL.M. Programの締め切り日が発表されました。
https://www.llm.law.cam.ac.uk/admissions/how-to-apply.html

The deadline for receipt of LLM applications for the 2020 entry course is 4 December 2019 at 12:00pm (midday) UK time. Late or incomplete applications will not be considered. All applications must be submitted to the University’s Graduate Admissions Office, not to the Faculty of Law. GAO is the central University office handling graduate applications for all Cambridge Faculties and Departments. Please refer to the GAO’s website for details of how to apply: http://www.graduate.study.cam.ac.uk/applying

Please be aware that all LLM applicants who are required to take an IELTS or TOEFL language test must submit their test results at the time of application, for the LLM programme. The deadline for applying for the 2020-2021 programme is 4 December 2019. Please see the section of this website about language requirements under the ‘Admissions Criteria‘ heading for full details of the specific language requirement for the LLM.

Required ability level

Where a compliant IELTS or TOEFL language test certificate is required before an application will be considered, the minimum levels of ability which must be demonstrated are as follows:

1. IELTS: At least 7.5 overall with at least 7.0 in each of the individual sections of reading, writing, listening and speaking.

2. TOEFL: At least 110 overall with at least 25 in each of the individual sections of reading, writing, listening and speaking.

Please note that candidates must meet the minimum requirements in all elements of the language test in the same sitting; it is not possible to combine results from multiple tests in order to meet the language requirement.

【2020年9月入学用出願締め切り日】Harvard Law School, LL.M. Program

Harvard Law School (HLS) LL.M. Programの出願締め切り日が発表されました。

The application deadline for the LL.M. class beginning in August 2020 is December 1, 2019, at 11:59 p.m., U.S. Eastern time.
https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/graduate-program/llm-application-deadlines-and-materials/

In addition to submitting the online LL.M. application by the deadline, applicants must make sure that any other required documents (e.g., transcripts, TOEFL results) are sent out in time for delivery to our office on or before the deadline. Please note that the application deadline will be strictly observed. It is your responsibility to make certain that all required materials reach the Graduate Program office by the deadline.

数多くのアメリカLL.M.プログラムがLaw School Admissions Council (LSAC)の出願代行サービスの理由を義務づける中、同校は独自の出願方式(HLS専用の願書フォームの使用)を実施してきました(LSAC経由で出願できるものの、推薦状はLSAC経由で提出できない**といった多少手間暇がかかります)。自分の手や周囲の推薦者の手を煩わせないためにも、HLSへ出願する際は同校の願書フォーマット(推薦状フォームも含む)を使用して出願することをお勧めします。

**Please note that we do not accept letters of recommendation submitted through LSAC.
https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/graduate-program/llm-admissions-faq/#faq-4-1

We strongly recommend that you have your transcripts/diplomas and TOEFL score to LSAC no later than the beginning of October to ensure we receive your LSAC report by the December 1 deadline.
https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/graduate-program/llm-admissions-faq/#faq-4-1
Harvardへの出願時のみにて適用されるだけでなく、他の出願予定校の締め切り日で12月上旬から中旬の間で締め切りを設定するLL.M.プログラムもあると思います。そうした学校への出願計画を考える上でも、出願関連書類をLSACへ提出するタイミングを見極める参考情報として活用されてはいかがでしょうか。

また、上記では12/1と締め切り日を設定していますが、昨年用のApplication Form内では以下の記述が見られました。
====================
Your application and all supporting documents must be received by the Harvard Law School Graduate Program office no later than 11:59 p.m. U.S. Eastern time on December 1 (and preferably by November 15).
https://hls.harvard.edu/content/uploads/2018/09/Sample-LLM-Application-2019.pdf
====================
11/15と12/1ではわずか2週間程度の違いですが、”preferably”という表現を用いてるだけに実質上のEarly Admissions Deadlineの役割を果たしていました。現時点では2020年入学用の締め切りは12/1で11月に関する記述内容は見当たりませんが、9月の時点で2020年出願用の願書を改めて一読する際はDecember 1 (and preferably November 15)の記述があるか否かを確認しましょう。

 

【2019年度 LL.M. 入学用エッセイ課題】: Duke University

Duke, LL.M.の出願書類関連情報を確認していきたいと思います。
https://law.duke.edu/internat/appinformation/#details

Resume

Please submit a resume with your application. If you apply via LSAC, use the electronic attachment.

Personal Statement

You are required to submit a 2-5 page personal statement. If you apply via LSAC, use the electronic attachment. The personal statement should include your professional and educational experience, special areas of interest, previous overseas experience, and any other information that supports your application. Please let us know if there is a special reason for applying to Duke Law School such as family members who are alumni or who are living in North Carolina, or a spouse or significant other with admission to a nearby school or who is also applying to the LLM program.

>>>最長5ページと記されていますが、2から3ページの長さで書き纏めることができる内容を無理やり長くする必要はありません。Duke LL.M.用のPersonal Statementにどういったコンテンツを使うのか?、そしてそのためにも早めに自己分析作業等に着手していきましょう。

Recommendation Letters

A minimum of two letters of recommendation should be submitted on behalf of the LLM applicant. Such letters should not be from relatives or close family friends. The letters should explain the relationship of the writer to the applicant. At least one letter should be from a faculty member well acquainted with the applicant’s academic ability.

If applying electronically, LSAC offers an LOR service for letters of recommendations.  Please follow the instructions on the LSAC site.

If application materials are being submitted in hard copy format directly to the International Studies office, recommendation letter forms must be included and are available for download at our site. Your signature on the recommendation form indicates you have waived your right to the material contained in the recommendation letter and should be included with all letters submitted on your behalf.  Referees may also submit recommendation letters directly to the International Studies office. We prefer recommendation letters in hard copy format but will accept electronic letters if a referee is unable to submit the letters prior to the application deadline.

ご存知のように推薦状の提出方法は、①LSAC経由、もしくは②各スクール独自のフォーマット(各校のHPよりダウンロードします)となります。しかしながら、②の提出方法は一部のスクール(例:Harvard, Michiganなど)に限られますのでご注意ください。

【2019年度 LL.M. 入学用出願締め切り日】: Duke University

Duke University, LL.M.プログラムの出願締め切り日が発表されました。
https://law.duke.edu/internat/appinformation/

Applicants to Duke Law’s LLM, SJD and exchange programs may begin submitting applications for the 2019-2020 academic year on September 1, 2018. The application deadline for the LLM program is January 20, 2019.

Although the application deadline is January 20 for the LLM program and March 20 for the SJD program, candidates are encouraged to apply as early as possible. Admission decisions are made on a rolling basis beginning in January. A rolling basis means that applications are considered until the class is full. Admission to the LLM and SJD program is for fall semester only.

他校のアドミッション方式でも、Dukeと同様に上記”A rolling basis”が採用されるケースもあります。こうした情報は出願戦略を考えていく上で参考にしてください。

Our preferred method for submitting application materials is electronically via LSAC (Law School Admission Council). Please visit the LSAC website for account access or to create a new account. Complete application instructions are available on the electronic application for the Duke Law LLM program.

You may also submit your application materials directly to our office. The application checklist allows you to investigate the options available for both application types. Please note that you must omit the box number from the address if you plan to send application materials via courier (DHL, FedEx, etc.) to the International Admissions office.  Please note that we do not accept applications materials submitted via e-mail.

【2019年9月入学用出願締め切り日】Columbia Law School (LL.M.)

Columbia University, LL.M. Programの出願締め切り日ならびに、要綱が発表されました。http://www.law.columbia.edu/admissions/graduate-legal-studies/llm-program/application-instructions/application-deadlines

Early Application DeadlineRegular Application Deadlineの2種類ありますので、どちらのオプションを選択するかは、現状のTOEFLスコアならびに今後の伸びシロも踏まえた上で出願戦略を考えていきましょう。

11月1日の締切日に間に合わせるためには、(遅くとも)夏場過ぎにはレジュメとエッセイの作成作業に着手する必要が生じますが、推薦状の準備(コンテンツの推敲、推薦者への作業依頼等)を考慮しますと、各出願者の事情によっては前倒しで準備を行うことも検討していかなければなりません。

Columbia LL.M.も含め、11月に締切日設定する学校も少なからず出てくると思います。各校の締切日や出願要綱の確認作業も定期的に実施してください。

■ Early Application Deadline:
Applicants for admission to our 2019-2020 LL.M. Program, except those who are in the final year of their first law degree and reapplicants who were not granted admission, have the option of applying through the Early Review Program. The advantage of applying early is that you will most likely have a decision by late December. We encourage early applications from those who feel they have compiled their strongest possible application by November 1, 2018. To be considered under the Early Review Program, you must:

  1. Submit your online application by the early review deadline;
  2. Submit your transcripts, TOEFL scores, and letters of recommendation to LSAC one week in advance of the November 1 deadline so that they have time to process your full CAS report and forward it to us during the Early Review period; and
  3. Specify that you wish to be considered for early review by answering “yes” to the Early Review question in the “Application Deadlines” section of this application.

If you do not meet the above criteria, including taking the TOEFL test by November 1, 2018, we will automatically defer your application for consideration as part of the regular admission cycle.

We will provide a decision for early applicants by the end of December. Applicants will be admitted, rejected, or deferred to the regular admission cycle. If you are admitted through the Early Review Program, you will not be required to withdraw your applications to other LL.M. programs. Admitted candidates will be required to notify us by April 2, 2019 of their intention to matriculate.

Regular Application Deadline:
The Columbia online application, available through LSAC, and all application materials for the CAS Report, including supporting documents, transcripts, and letters of recommendation, must be postmarked to LSAC by December 18, 2018. Applicants who are required to submit a TOEFL score (see our Application Components page for more information) must take the test no later than December 19, 2018 in order to be considered for admission for the 2019-2020 LL.M. Program.

Admission decisions are made on a rolling basis, in most cases no later than late April. Rolling admissions means that we evaluate applications randomly; the date you submitted your application often has no bearing on when you will receive a decision. Some candidates will have a decision in early January, others in late April. (If you submit your application well before the December 19 deadline, for example, you will not necessarily have an earlier decision.) If you have not yet received a decision, it most likely means that the Committee simply has not yet reviewed your application (so you should not worry!). We strive to give every candidate a decision by the end of April.

【LL.M.出願のプロセス】: 推薦状の提出方法など

昨日に続き、今回は推薦状の準備等に関してコメントを述べさせていただきます。

◆推薦状の数について:
各校で異なりますので、各校の出願要綱欄を確認してください。
その記述内容には「2通のみ」、「2通から4通まで受け付ける」とするプログラムも存在するなど、各校によってスタンスが異なります。

◆推薦者:
・Professsor(s) もしくはSupervisor(s)から該当者を選出します。

◆推薦状の提出方法
・出願先プログラムから特別な指示がなければ、LSACのLetter of Recommenation Service(下記urlの内容をご参照ください)を用います。推薦状の提出方法は、原則としてLSACを経由して出願校へ提出する運びとなります。また特別な指定がない限り、推薦状や成績表(Trasncript)を出願校へ直接送付(提出)することは控えてください。
https://www.lsac.org/llm/application-process/letters-of-recommendation/

◆推薦者が英語で(推薦状を)作成できない場合の対応
・原則として、原本(日本語)と英語翻訳版の双方を提出しますが、各校の出願要綱を必ずご確認ください。

【LL.M.出願のプロセス】: LSAC’s LL.M. Credential Assembly Service (CAS)

LL.M.出願者の方々にとって、本格的な準備体制へ移行する時期は『夏場」という見解が多いことかと思いますが、この時期からLL.M. Credential Assembly Service (通称CAS)への登録作業は済ませ、CASのシステムや関連コンテンツをご確認いただくことをお勧めします。

またCASを利用するにあたっては、出身大学、ロースクール(該当者のみ)、司法研修所(該当者のみ)の成績表(Transcript)の提出が必要になります。左記の各成績書類はLSACが指定する第三者機関により評価を受けます。そして、この評価プロセスには2週間程度の時間を要すると言われています。しかしながら、秋口以降には出願者の多くが上記サービス利用に集中することが予想されるため、2週間以上の時間が必要となることも珍しくはありません。

そのため、出来るだけ早い時期に成績表(Transcript)はLSACへ提出するよう手配していきましょう。すでに出願に十分なIELTSやTOEFLスコア等を取得している場合は、スコア・レポートの手配(各テストセンターからLSACへスコアレポートを送付してもらう手続き)も同時に行ってください。